NYPD’s COMPSTAT process by Phil Pulaski

Phil Pulaski has 38 years of law enforcement experience and served for 34 years in the New York City Police Department (NYPD). During 2014, Phil Pulaski retired as NYPD’s Chief of Detectives where he was responsible for more than 3,600 personnel who, during 2013, investigated more than 256,000 felony and misdemeanor crimes including 335 homicides, and arrested more than 39,000 offenders. Prior to being promoted to Chief of Detectives, Phil Pulaski served as Deputy Police Commissioner of Operations where he was responsible for NYPD’s crime reduction programs and managed NYPD’s intelligence-led policing activities. Phil Pulaski, together with Chief of Department Joseph Esposito, directed the nationally recognized COMPSTAT (short for COMPuter STATistics) process; and conducted the weekly 3 hour COMPSTAT assessment meeting where senior NYPD police commanders were questioned in detail regarding the management of their crime reduction, patrol, investigative and community affairs programs. The late Jack Maple was the first Deputy Commissioner of Operations in NYPD history and was responsible for what many experts believe was the single biggest change in policing philosophy in more than a century.

Jack Maple was born in 1952 and grew up in Richmond Hill, New York City. The street Jack Maple grew up on was renamed in his honor due to his extraordinary contributions to public safety. Maple joined the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) Police Department as a police officer during the 1970s at a time when the position was considered one of the most dangerous jobs in NYC. During that time, robberies accounted for the majority of violent crime in the subways. Jack Maple tracked the robberies by pinpointing them on scores of maps on the walls of his office. Some officers mockingly called the maps “wall-paper”, but Jack Maple called them the “Charts of the Future”. He used them to identify subway crime patterns and deploy police officers to the robbery “hot spots”. Due to Jack Maple’s innovative tactics, crime was reduced in the subway system by 27%.

When Bill Bratton became chief of the NYCTA Police Department, he recognized how successful Jack Maple’s innovative crime reduction strategies were and implemented them throughout the entire subway system. In 1994, when Bill Bratton became Police Commissioner of the NYPD, he brought Jack Maple with him. Police Commissioner Bratton promoted him to Deputy Police Commissioner and Jack Maple formulated and implemented the NYPD COMPSTAT process. The NYPD COMPSTAT process immediately became an incredible success and violent crime as well as property and quality of life crimes were dramatically reduced in NYC. Jack Maple’s COMPSTAT process revolutionized crime reduction strategies and tactics in the NYPD and was subsequently implemented in police departments across the nation as well as in many foreign countries.